نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
استادیار دانشگاه شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران.
عنوان مقاله [English]
The Islamic Revolution of Iran became the source of the emergence of a new theory in the contemporary world that was able to challenge several accepted bases; Contrary to the dominant discourse in the world, this revolution, firstly, believed in the presence of religion in the field of social life, and secondly, considered religion, democracy and democracy collectible but necessary, and accordingly, presented a new theory called religious democracy that the system The Islamic Republic is a researcher model of it.
In this article, we seek to explain the nature of the Islamic Republic from the perspective of the main architects of the Islamic Revolution, such as Imam Khomeini, Martyr Motahhari, Martyr Beheshti, Martyr Sadr and Ayatollah Khamenei. From the point of view of these great men, it seems that the basis of the legitimacy of the Islamic Republic is dual, that is, God and the people, and that is why, in their view, religious democracy is a simple and intra-religious concept, not a compound and extra-religious one; In other words, religion and democracy are two inseparable categories, and democracy is a part of the basis of religion, without which the Islamism of the system will be distorted. This fact can be clearly seen in the constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran, in which the late Shahid Beheshti played a decisive role.