عنوان مقاله [English]
Jurisprudential teachings have a pivotal role in the compilation of large scale strategies of Islamic Republic of Iran's foreign policy. Given the key position of hakim shar' [governor of shari'a] in an Islamic society, the author has tried to investigate one of the most important challenges faced by Islamic Republic of Iran's foreign policy from the very first day of its activity up to the present day through an analysis and study of jurisprudential arguments with an emphasis on Imam Khomeini's (PBUH) thoughts. About the permissibility or impermissibility of relations with an arrogant power, followers of permissibility and impermissibility of relations have provided strong arguments. However, the important issue in the case of contradiction of arguments is how to reach a compromise. Based on the findings of this research, the author expresses the impermissibility as the first alternative for the issue in question and later the principle of expedience as the second alternative. Then, he introduces pivotal principle for how to treat an arrogant power and considers hakim shar' as the executer of the principle (as the one who wields the expedience) who issues his verdict having considered the viewpoints of experts in this regard.