عنوان مقاله [English]
Imam Khomeini, on the eve of the victory of the revolution, thought to establish a coalition council of revolutionary forces that controlled the situation with speed and revolutionary contraption. The practical form of this thought was the formation of the Revolutionary Council. The council had various activities in the legislative, executive, and judicial spheres, so that, at some critical points, was the most important pillar of the country's executive, along with its other duties. Therefore, the main question is: “what role did the Revolutionary Council take during the transfer of power in the process of Islamic Republic systemization?” The council, in order to put an end to the uncertainty and chaos during the transition period, the legislature, with the proposed option appointing the prime minister and establishing the interim government and subsequent developments, established the basis of the executive branch and by establishment of the Revolutionary Courts and the Supreme Judicial Courts, made the revolutionary judicial system structure.
Due to the importance of the subject, this research is an attempt to recognize the philosophy of formation, history, acts, and functions of the Revolutionary Council. In its seventeen-month lifetime, the council did like the think tank of religious revolutionaries, the decision-making center and the decision-making authority. It was fundamental to the containment of crises and made critical measures in the direction of systematization. The research data were analyzed using descriptive - analytical method and with respect to the chronic of the events.