عنوان مقاله [English]
We can say that one of the most important issues in the field of political thought of Islam as well as the history of political thought in contemporary Iran is religious novelty-thinking and especially Shiite political jurisprudence in Iran. With the arrival of the new era in European history, a wave of modernism and freedom of thought in Iran, including the introduction of new political concepts and its effects on religious scholars was raised gradually. In such a situation, a range of scholars, especially the Shia jurisprudents in Iran, according to rationality laid in the new-emerging and Western ideas, reacted positively and sympathetically. The process can be mentioned as the beginning of religious novelty-thinking. The culmination of this process is the constitutional movement and the defense of some of the Shiite scholars such as Akhund Khorasani, Abdollah Mazandarani, Mirza Naeini and Sheikh Isma'il Mahalati. Their efforts to adapt Western thoughts with Islamic jurisprudence led to the presentation of a draft constitutional rule that was consistent with the principles of religious law. The present study, with a brief overview of the evolutionary process in the constitutional-seeking era, and the emphasis on the position of Sheikh Isma'il Mahallati, has sought to present an appropriate and, even though a limited, vision.