عنوان مقاله [English]
The outbreak of the Islamic Revolution in Iran has had a profound effect on the Islamic movements, especially on the Shiite ones. One of the most important is the Yemeni Shiite groups. They held power and ruled the country for more than a thousand years, losing power in 1962 by a coup d’etat that was sponsored by Egypt. Our question: What role did the Islamic Revolution have in the convergence of Islamic movements in the Middle East, especially Shiite Yemeni groups? Using the theory of diffusion as a theoretical framework, we seek to prove this hypothesis: "The Islamic Revolution of Iran has brought more cohesion, unity and revival of Yemeni Shiite groups." They had little participation in Yemeni government affairs and had some sort of political isolation, but after the victory of the Islamic Revolution in Iran and its widespread repercussions in the region, the Yemeni Shiites, especially Shiite groups in northern Yemen, were gradually get rid of many years of isolation. The movements and uprisings that led to the wars that continued from year 2004 to 2010 and finally the Shiite groups were able to revive and renew their power from year 2011.