عنوان مقاله [English]
Politics has a reciprocal relationship with social life. One of the most important parties in this relationship are political elites and leaders who grow and operate not in a vacuum but in a real socio-political environment. Basically, social-political life as a concrete phenomenon shapes leaders' understanding of themselves and their surroundings. Here, politics is not an idealistic phenomenon, but a matter of concrete and empirical value. In this study, we examine this issue in relation to one of the most important political leaders of the twentieth century who founded an unprecedented religious system. In this context, we must examine how the social and political life of Imam Khomeini, as he really existed, had an impact on the formation of his political ideas and his political struggles and activities, both before and after the victory of the Islamic Revolution. We must also consider the importance of this issue in the political leadership of Imam Khomeini in contemporary Iranian history. Accordingly, the central question of this study is how has political life and political cognition shaped the political leadership of Imam Khomeini in contemporary Iran? Our main hypothetical answer to this question is that the political life of Imam Khomeini, through his position in his social and political existence, has shaped the main idea of Islamic State in the form of a supreme leader, whose only features and details are as a result of the shift in political power and establishment. The Islamic Republic's regime and its leadership have changed.