عنوان مقاله [English]
Macro policies, which are formulated and announced by the Expediency Discernment Council, are considered to be one of the most important upstream documents of public policy in the country. The pathologies that have been made about the failure of macro policies have mainly focused on the policy implementation stage. The current research has tried to deal with the pathology of the formulation stage of macro policies. For this purpose, by relying on the theoretical literature in the field of policy making and interviews with experts in this field, it has been tried to identify the harms of the policy formulation stage, which has led to the failure of the policy in implementation. Also, based on the pathology, a proposed framework for policy reform has been presented in the drafting stage. This research, based on qualitative methodology and thematic analysis method, and conducted through interviews with policy makers and implementers, shows that the implementation of fundamental changes in the policy formulation stage is necessary to prevent policy failure in the implementation stage. Among the most important harms identified in this research, we can mention the ambiguity in the legal and substantive status of the policies, the lack of clarity of the strategy, the undesirable multiplicity of policies, the lack of appointing a supervisor, and "not having an executive guarantee".