عنوان مقاله [English]
Traditional social forces have always played an important role in Iran’s society and its contemporary developments, and especially during the two constitutional and Islamic Revolutionary have shown an active participation. Meanwhile, merchants are among the traditional social forces of Iranian society who played an important role in the two revolutions because of their important position in the social, economic and political spheres. The present study investigates the role of merchants in the Constitutional Revolution from the perspective of political sociology, and aims to deepen the present political knowledge by analyzing the extent and manner of influencing of this traditional social force in this socio-political conversion of contemporary Iranian history. Thus, the main question that this research seeks to answer is that what a role merchants have played as a traditional social force in the Constitutional Revolution. The findings of this research show that merchants have played an important role in the Constitutional Revolution by exploiting their economic influence, social credibility and political influence.