عنوان مقاله [English]
In foreign policy, governments often choose their strategies according to national interests, their domestic needs, geographic location, geopolitics, and structure and performance of the international system. Iran, given to its sensitive position in global geography, has always led to rivaling among great powers to dominate it. This paper
tries to answer the question of why the Pahlavi-era diplomacy apparatus was plagued by a coalition of great powers at the time of World War II, and great powers agreed on the collapse of the Pahlavi government. This paper, by use of the theoretical framework of structural realism, seeks to confirm the hypothesis that the lack of a strategy in foreign and domestic relations and the governing structure of international relations has led to the failure of the Iran’s diplomacy and at the same time, coalition of great powers, which in the Second World War has not served to preserve national interests in the international arena.