عنوان مقاله [English]
Recent developments in the Middle East, called Islamic Awakening, have led Syria to a full-blown civil war. The internal characteristics of Syria, especially the ethnic and religious fabric, geostrategic position and regional and international competitions have led it to become the centerpiece of the Middle East crisis. The main questions in this study are based on which are the regional and global powers influential in the Syrian crisis and what goals are pursued in this country? Also, what is the best framework for analysis of the national interests of Iran, as one of the main actors in the developments in Syria?
The method of research in this study is descriptive-analytic and to explain the subject, it has combined the two theories of the "soft balance" of Kenneth Waltz and the "monopolar-multipolar international system" by Samuel Huntington. The research findings suggest that the US, Russia, Turkey, and U Iran are the major actors in the internal developments in Syria, which pursue a combination of different geopolitical, strategic, and ideological goals in Syria. The rivalries and conflicts of interests of the global and regional powers have intensified and continued the Syrian crisis and deprived the people of their right to self-determination. Among the activists, Iran is the only country whose national interests in Syria have Janus characteristics and simultaneously influenced by realistic and idealistic or revolutionary components.