نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 استاد گروه تاریخ دانشگاه اصفهان، اصفهان، ایران
2 دانشجوی دکتری تاریخ انقلاب اسلامی ایران، دانشگاه اصفهان، اصفهان، ایران.
3 دانشیار گروه تاریخ دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد، مشهد، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
The collapse of the Pahlavi regime in the wake of the Islamic Revolution in the late decades of the twentieth century is one of the most significant events in contemporary Iranian and world history. From the earliest days, the Islamic Revolution has attracted the attention of many analysts in the fields of politics, economics, sociology, and psychology, and even historiography has not been deprived from portion.
As the Pahlavi regime collapsed, emerged an open space and new issues for historians and the desire of some actors and witnesses to record their data provided an impetus for historians and institutions to analyze and examine the Islamic Revolution based on oral history. Many scholars outside of Iran and many years later inside Iran sought to collect memories of Pahlavi-era personalities and revolutionary activists. Therefore, different historical works with different attitudes emerged at home and abroad.
One of the centers for designing and implementing the Oral History Program is the Foundation for Iranian Studies. After the Islamic Revolution, the financial support of the Pahlavi dynasty, the technical assistance of Western universities and, most importantly, the easy access to the Pahlavi era's men, led the Foundation to work on collecting oral history of the Pahlavi era. This article attempts to critically analyze its structural, content, and theoretical analysis based on the Foundation's oral history texts, and in the context of the texts, another account of the reasons for the fall of the Pahlavi government and the victory of the Islamic Revolution in Pahlavi era brokers.