عنوان مقاله [English]
The occupation of Iran in the Second World War and the defeat of Reza Shah's army is one of the important issues that has left many effects on the trends of contemporary Iranian history. It seems that it was due to this influence that Mohammad Reza Shah tried to form the largest army in the region by spending high costs. It was in line with these measures that descriptions such as "the fifth army in the world", "the largest navy in the Persian Gulf", "the most advanced air force in the Middle East", "the first military power in the region" and the like became the main words of the government of Mohammad Reza Shah and his supporters. The claim that after several years of the Islamic Revolution is still being raised by the supporters of the Pahlavi government as if the victory of the Islamic Revolution was an obstacle to the Iranian army reaching the mentioned positions. This issue makes measuring the real power of Mohammadreza Shah Pahlavi's army one of the important issues in the field of contemporary Iranian history. A detailed examination of this matter can first; to open important gaps in contemporary history and the Islamic revolution, and secondly; Explore the perception of a part of the Iranian society regarding the high status of the Iranian imperial army. A measurement that was never done due to the lack of a wide and classic battle at that time. Based on this necessity, in this article, an attempt has been made to obtain a precise understanding of this issue by using the theoretical approach of "Stephen Biddle".