1 استادیار علوم سیاسی دانشکده حقوق و علوم سیاسی دانشگاه تهران
2 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد علوم سیاسی دانشگاه تهران
عنوان مقاله [English]
Twelve years of history after Reza shah's collapse (1941-1953) was a field of dispute between political claimants from different classes and strata and quarrel over power sources in a new atmosphere. For the first time in contemporary Iran, middle class activists in the form of 1949-1953 charismatic movement took power in the polity from other claimants mostly from upper classes or noble class and made it exclusively for themselves. Activists of this class had some primary and main sources to exert power which was mobilization of the masses and collective action in cities in the form of strikes, demonstrations and street riots. In July 21st collective action, they could finally drive their rivals in shah's court and upper classes aside and gain exclusive power of the polity. Victory of July 21stcharismatic movement in an anomic period, was the consequence of a social rift which challenged the definition of claimants' "social status" while putting the middle class into power. This way elite-oriented game rules in political arena were lost and replaced by "leader's charisma" and "public will" in the absence of strong civil institutions. In this article, applying the Charles Tilly's "resource mobilization theory" and "grounded theory" research method social and political roots of July 21st collective action will be studied.