دانشیار دانشکده حقوق و علوم سیاسی دانشگاه شیراز
عنوان مقاله [English]
In Imam Khomeini's theoretical views and his practical lifestyle, public supervision is completely corresponding with the
important faridha [compulsory act by Islamic law] of commanding the good and forbidding the bad. Referring to
Islamic sources, he considers public supervision and this faridha as a public responsibility and tremendously emphasizes on it. The reason why Imam Khomeini paid special attention to public supervision can be the complete relation between the supervision and the fundamental faridha of commanding the good and forbidding the bad.Another outstanding reason was the importance he believed for people's role and participation in all affairs including participation in the administration of the country and the necessity of people's cooperation in and supervision of these affairs. He did not even exclude himself and the highest ranking person in the Islamic ruling from this supervision. He asked for people's supervision on him and all the country's officials. From early days of the victory of the revolution he insisted on the establishment of an independent and supra governmental organization for commanding the good and forbidding the bad all over the country. His overall opinion in this field implies that commanding the good and forbidding the bad and the development of the sense of responsibility and the expansion of public supervision, plays a pivotal role in the implementation of the shari'a (Islamic law), the progress of the Islamic society and the increase of efficiency of religious democracy model. Having in mind the complete relation between public supervision and public responsibility and the faridha of commanding the good and forbidding the bad we can optimize, consolidate and accelerate the process of social and political reforms of the Islamic society and system according to Islamic teachings and Imam Khomeini's ideas and remove possible barriers and pitfalls presenting a successful and democratic model for social and political system with maximum civil and political participation.