نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 عضو هیئت علمی گروه علوم سیاسی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد زاهدان، زاهدان، ایران
2 عضو هیئت علمی گروه حقوق و علوم سیاسی دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی
عنوان مقاله [English]
The victory of the Islamic Revolution in Iran was the result of the imminent leadership of Imam Khomeini in mobilizing religious forces and, at the same time, influencing non-religious and national-religious groups in accepting strong his leadership and coherence-making. The ability of his popular mobilization was so powerful and timely that all political groups were forced to accept this leadership and his word influence in society and political groups made them all to coordinate themselves with he, and thus Imam played a unique role in the triumphant process of the Islamic Revolution. All the forces in the political-social context of Iran, which began to emerge at least from the era of constitutionalism and began to grow and were partly organized and coherent, had to comply with this revolutionary storm that the Imam had begun, and for this reason this revolution was not come to a conclusion without the imminent leadership of Imam Khomeini. This research is to examine and illustrate the widespread discourse of Imam Khomeini's leadership and supervision during the Islamic Revolution and its ability to overcome rival, liberal (national-religious) and leftist (Marxist-Leninist) discourses. Based on the research hypothesis, the method of communicating and the political and social discourse of Imam Khomeini was so successful that marginalized rival discourses that had been active for many years in Iran, along with this highlighting his discourse provides the highest level of accessibility and credibility and hegemonic for Imam’s readings of Islamist political discourse as the main discourse during the Islamic Revolution. Thus, the discourse of Imam Khomeini in the political mobilization and the realization of the revolution - due to the strong social dialogue and socialism, the conditions of the Islamic society of Iran and the ideological beliefs and beliefs of the people and the existence of powerful religious institutions - against the elitist discourse of nationalist groups and intellectuals, the national movement and secular and religious leftists which did not have these conditions, has played a more significant role.