عنوان مقاله [English]
The 1979 revolution is called Islamic because the main current in its leadership, ideology and organization were religious forces. The purpose of this article is to examine the type of confrontation between the Pahlavi government and this large current present in the revolution. Accordingly, the question we addressed in this article is: What position did the second Pahlavi government take towards the religious opposition in order to ensure its survival? The method of this article is descriptive-analytical and the method of data collection is library. Theoretically, this article uses the three conceptual frameworks (repression, facilitation, and tolerance) that Charles Tilly discusses in From Basij to Revolution. In the research literature of this article, we emphasize that the Charles Tilly trilogy has not been used specifically and focused on the Islamic Revolution, and most of the research has used Tilly's "mobilization of resources" theory "in general" about the Islamic Revolution. The time frame of this research is 40s and 50s. Analysis of numerous historical data shows that in the Pahlavi regime, the scope of "repression" of religious forces was extensive, "tolerance" was low, and "facilitation" was far less. The Pahlavi government made little use of the facilities provided for the moderate opposition. Tilly divides political systems into four categories: oppressive, totalitarian, tolerant, and weak. Based on the available historical evidence from the Pahlavi government's position on religious dissidents, this government should be called a repressive system.