نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 استادیار گروه علوم سیاسی، پژوهشگاه علوم انسانی و مطالعات اجتماعی جهاد دانشگاهی، تهران، ایران
2 دانشیار گروه علوم سیاسی، دانشکده علوم انسانی، دانشگاه یاسوج، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
The concept of Islamic society and its theoretical foundations in this article are important in at least from two dimensions: First, this concept is one of the ways to differentiate it from other societies (such as liberal society, communist society, or even non-Islamic religious communities). Secondly, in the five stages of attaining Islamic civilization (Islamic Revolution, Islamic system, Islamic State, Islamic society and Islamic civilization) depicted by Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, Islamic society as the fourth stage of civilization is very important. The main question of the present study is what are the most important fundamental factors influencing Ayatollah Ali Khamenei's view of Islamic society and How does this affect it? In order to understand this particular notion and to discover the position of Islamic society in Khamenei's intellectual system, it is necessary to understand the a priori foundations of Islamic society in his views. The hypothesis of this paper is that Ayatollah Ali Khamenei's a priori thoughts foundations have a decisive impact on his perception and attitude towards Islamic society. The findings of this study – have gained by descriptive-analytical methods- show that the four fundamental concepts of "Tawhid (monotheism)", "Velayat (guardianship)", "Islamic ontology" and "Islamic anthropology" have a particular effect on the formation of the position of Islamic society in Ayatollah Khamenei's attitude.