عنوان مقاله [English]
Why and how revolutions take place is one of the important issues that have been considered by philosophers, historians and political thinkers for centuries, and the result of their theoretical efforts has been the formation of various theories about the revolution. Jack Goldstone has explored these theories in three different generations (natural history theories, general theories of political violence, and structural theories). The main purpose of this study is an analysis of the process of the Islamic Revolution based on the views of the first generation of theorists of revolutions entitled "natural history theories". The research method in this study is descriptive-analytical and the data collection tool is library and Internet resources. The results show that in some cases, the causes of the Islamic Revolution, such as changing the allegiance of intellectuals, late and failed reforms of the Pahlavi regime, the fall of the Pahlavi regime with an acute political crisis, differences between revolutionaries and the temporary rise to power of moderates to some extent. The first generation is the natural history theories of revolutions. In general, it can be said that although the phenomenon of the Islamic Revolution in some of the above cases is somewhat in line with the views of the first generation of theorists of the revolution, but it is not fully compatible with the views of these theorists.