1 دانشیار گروه مطالعات منطقه ای دانشکده حقوق و علوم سیاسی دانشگاه تهران
2 دانشجوی دکترای گروه مطالعات منطقه ای دانشگاه تهران
عنوان مقاله [English]
It has been more than a year now that strategic and important region of middle-east and North Africa have undergone a
powerful and expanding wave of political and social changes and developments by Muslims' public uprising and it is going to totally change the political geography and change the balance of power for the benefit of Muslims in the region and defense front in the face of colonization front of western civilization–led by the US with the help and cooperation of powerful European governments under the supervision and control of global freemasons and Zionists. It is obvious that an uprising with this magnitude, depth and expansion duly called and defined as "Islamic awaking" will face many barriers and challenges to change the current state and reach a desired condition. The primary question of this article is what barriers and challenges would the Islamic awakening in Muslim countries in the region face to reach its final goal i.e. the establishment of religious democracies. Our answer is that Muslims in the region face at least four main challenges and barriers: the presence and long term permeation of the west and Zionism in the region, domestic conflict and rift, domination of tribal structure and economic inefficiency.