نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
استادیار علوم سیاسی دانشگاه علوم انتظامی امین، تهران، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
Revolution is one of the most rare, attractive and complex phenomena in societies, whose explanation involves taking into account the various and diverse aspects involved in its emergence. For the moment, and with regard to the subject, we will only point to the cultural aspects of the Islamic Revolution. Basically, revolutions are occurred in a particular context and situation. Some forces have always acted as engines of revolution: awakening, political mobilization of the masses, social mobilization, delegitimizing of the former political order and designing of a legitimate and desirable order, establishment of a popular and revolutionary system, and revolutionary ideologies.
In this research, we will study the importance of the Iranian revolution and compare it with the Arab countries with regard to the characteristics of the revolution, and ultimately the impact that the Iranian revolution has on the Islamic awakening and the importance of Shi'ism and leadership in the victory of the revolution. This paper, by using a descriptive-analytical method, seeks to answer these questions: What has been the main factor and characteristic of the Iranian Revolution, which has had a significant impact on the Arab revolution? And what are the similarities and differences between the Islamic Revolution of Iran and the Arab Revolution?
The type of this research is a descriptive and analytic study and will analyze the discussion based on the characteristics of the revolution and the significance of the concept of the Iranian revolution and its effect on Islamic awakening. According to the nature and type of subject matter of the study, data collection has been carried out using various methods based on the library and the Internet method and the analysis of the findings has been done mainly by a qualitative analysis method.